In the last year, cybercrime has increased drastically, not just on a personal level, but also on a corporate level. It’s not just one type of attack, either—all forms of cybercrime have grown recently. As a result, cybersecurity awareness has never been more important in the business world than it is now. One of the best ways to build awareness and promote cyberattack prevention is to understand the common computer security threats your organization faces.
While there are many ways a hacker can attack a business, some methods are more commonly used than others. For example, we’ve seen several highly public ransomware attacks throughout 2021. Ransomware has been a serious problem, but it’s far from the only threat business owners should worry about. Here are the top cybersecurity threats you need to be aware of.
Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts your files or even your operating system (OS) once it infects your system, effectively locking you out of your crucial documents. It’s called ransomware because the criminal behind the attack typically won’t decrypt your system until a ransom is paid. This has become one of the most reported types of attacks on financial firms.
A denial of service (DoS) attack is a malicious attempt to overwhelm a system’s resources with traffic. The goal is to interrupt a web property’s normal functions to the point that it’s unable to respond to service requests. A distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack is also an assault on system resources. However, DDoS attacks are launched from host machines that have been infected by malware and are controlled by the perpetrator.
Unlike most other forms of cyberattacks, DoS and DDoS campaigns usually don’t provide tangible benefits for the hacker. They’re often carried out simply to disrupt an organization’s online operations. However, if the attack is done by a business competitor, they could benefit by disrupting the competition.
One of the most prevalent types of attacks in cybersecurity is the phishing scam. Phishing is a form of social engineering, meaning that it’s something designed to manipulate individuals. The goal of a phishing scam is to gather sensitive data, such as login credentials, credit card information, and so on.
Phishing is usually done through fraudulent messages masquerading as authentic-looking bulk email. They use calls to action to get you to click on a malicious link or download a corrupted file. These messages claim to be from a well-known or trusted source, such as popular websites, banks, and IT administrators.
Bots are automated programs designed to complete tasks online. A variety of industries frequently use bots for their own operations, for example, to provide customer service on websites. However, there are good bots and there are bad bots.
A malicious bot can be programmed to attack an institution directly or indirectly. They can be used to send spam mail to corporate email accounts, or they can be programmed to crack passwords.
A ping is an internet program that allows you to test and verify an internet protocol (IP) address destination. It works by sending IP packets to a specified interface on the network and waiting for a reply. Every ping has a limit to the size of the sent IP packet.
A ping of death attack uses IP packets to ping a target system with an IP size over the maximum amount of bytes. Since these packets are too large to send, the hacker fragments the packets. When these fragments are sent, a system may experience buffer overflows and crashes.
A man-in-the-middle attack (MITM) is a type of cyberattack where the hacker intercepts communication between two parties. Depending on what’s being discussed, the cybercriminal can steal anything from personal information to login credentials. MITM attacks have been on the decline, since most email and chat systems now use end-to-end encryption. This prevents third parties from tampering with the data that’s transmitted across the network.
If you’ve ever visited a suspicious website only to have your computer infected with malware, then you’ve experienced a drive-by attack. The website responsible for infecting your computer may be directly controlled by the attacker, or it could simply be compromised.
Sometimes, software and applications are released with vulnerabilities that were missed by the developers. If cybercriminals learn about these exploitable weaknesses, they can target any organization using that software until a patch becomes available.
Internet of things (IoT) refers to everyday objects with embedded computing devices that are able to share information with other technology. At this moment, IoT devices are generally less secure than most modern operating systems, and hackers are keen to exploit their vulnerabilities. A hacker may target these devices to make them malfunction, or they could be used to launch a large-scale DDoS attack.
Obtaining your passwords is the easiest way to access your accounts or steal sensitive information. Virtually, a password attack can be done by eavesdropping on your connection to the network. It can also be done by social engineering, accessing your password database, or by guessing. When a hacker guesses your password, it’s considered a brute force password attack.
RCS Secure specializes in cybersecurity services. We leverage our knowledge of the different types of cyberattacks to keep your company secure at all times. With us as your partner, you can rest easy knowing your network is in good hands.
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RCS Secure offers a full spectrum of cyber security safeguards and services. Our services combine compliance standards expertise with cutting-edge technology to identify risks, prioritize remediation, and ensure you are both secure and compliant.